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THIRD DIVISION
[ G.R. No. 226779, August 24, 2020 ]
ALFREDO ANI CORCORO, JR., PETITIONER, VS. MAGSAYSAY MOL
MARINE, INC., MOL SHIP MANAGEMENT CO., LTD., AND
FRANCISCO D. MENOR, RESPONDENTS.
DECISION
CARANDANG, J.:
The instant Petition for Review on Certiorari[1] under Rule 45 of the Rules of Court
assails the Decision[2] dated March 31, 2016 of the Court of Appeals (CA) in CA-G.R. SP
No. 135892, dismissing the complaint for payment of permanent and total disability
benefits filed by petitioner Alfredo Corcoro, Jr. (Alfredo) against respondents Magsaysay
Mol Marine, Inc., et al. (MMMI).
Facts of the Case

Alfredo had worked with MMMI for five years.[3] In March 2012, Alfredo was rehired by
MMMI on behalf of its principal Mol Ship Management Co., Ltd. to work on board M/V
Bergamot Ace for three months. In June 2012, his employment contract was extended
for another six months.[4] His employment contract is covered by a collective
bargaining agreement (CBA), ITF Standard Collective Agreement. Prior to boarding the
vessel, Alfredo underwent a pre-employment medical examination[5] (PEME). Alfredo's
medical history shows high blood pressure, back injury/joint pain/arthritis, rheumatism
and tropical diseases.[6] The foregoing conditions, particularly, hypertension and
intercritical gout, have been cleared by the respective specialists and Alfredo was
advised to have "proper diet/nutrition."[7] Alfredo was declared fit to work[8] and was
deployed as a messman.[9] Alfredo's duties and responsibilities include being a waiter,
who serves food to the officers, crew and guests on board the vessel, dishwasher in the
kitchen, assistant cook, bedroom steward, and porter. He also performs other tasks as
may be assigned by the officers, crew or guests.[10]
Seven months into Alfredo's employment or in October 2012, he suddenly felt severe
chest pains accompanied by dizziness and shortness of breath. Alfredo ignored the
chest pain and decided to rest. The following day, Alfredo was awakened by chest pains
again. He was initially given Aspirin, but this did not help his conditions. He was sent to
a hospital in Africa on October 14, 2012 for further examination.[11] Alfredo's results
showed that he was suffering "Atherosclerotic Disease and Myocardial Infarction."[12]
Further medical examination showed that he was suffering from "severe single vessel;
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