The Human Rights Observatories
The Commission on Human Rights (Komisyon sa Karapatang Pantao) (CHR) is an independent constitutional office created under the 1987 Constitution of the Philippines, with the primary function of investigating all forms of human rights violations involving civil and political rights in the Philippines.
The Human Rights Observatory (HRO) in the Philippines is a monitoring and evaluation system tracking the state’s implementation of its human rights obligations. Through consolidating relevant documents, including laws, bills, ordinances, treaties as well as documentation of Supreme Court cases, human rights violation cases reported to the Commission on Human Rights, and situational reports, the HRO will use a human rights–based approach to data analysis as it aims to make valuable contributions, such as aiding discourse on human rights, fostering advocacy, or developing policy recommendations for duty bearers.
The HRO has initially focused on the following vulnerable groups of Filipino society: indigenous peoples (Indigenous Peoples' Human Rights Observatory); women, LGBTQI persons, and persons with diverse SOGIE (Gender-Based Violence Observatory); overseas Filipino workers and members of their families (Migrants’ Rights Observatory); populations affected by climate change and natural disasters (Climate Change Observatory); and persons with disabilities (Philippine Observatory on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities). The rights of children, the elderly, internally displaced persons (IDPs) and the situation of extrajudicial killings (EJKs) in the Philippines may eventually be included as future observatories, as well.