E-Library - Information At Your Fingertips: Printer Friendly 1 of 18 http://elibrary.judiciary.gov.ph/thebookshelf/showdocsfriendly/1/65663 SECOND DIVISION [ G.R. No. 208480, September 25, 2019 ] REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES, PETITIONER, VS. NATIONAL COMMISSION ON INDIGENOUS PEOPLES, REGISTER OF DEEDS OF BAGUIO CITY, LAND REGISTRATION AUTHORITY, HEIRS OF COSEN PIRASO, REPRESENTED BY RICHARD A. ACOP, HEIRS OF JOSEPHINE MOLINTAS ABANAG, REPRESENTED BY ISAIAS M. ABANAG, MARION T. POOL, JOAN L. GORIO, AND VIRGINIA C. GAO-AN, RESPONDENTS. DECISION CARPIO, ACTING C.J.: The Case Before this Court is a Petition for Review[1] under Rule 45 of the Rules of Court assailing the Decision[2] and Resolution[3] of the Court of Appeals in CA-G.R. SP No. 126498 dated 15 January 2013 and22 July 2013, respectively. The Decision dismissed the Petition for Certiorari, Prohibition and Mandamus with Prayer for the Issuance of a Temporary Restraining Order and/or Writ of Preliminary Injunction filed by petitioner Republic of the Philippines (Republic) against public respondent National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP). The NCIP issued Certificates of Ancestral Land Title (CALTs) in favor of private respondents, the heirs of Cosen Piraso (Pirasos) and private respondents, the heirs of Josephine Molintas Abanag (Abanags) through Resolution Nos. 107-2010-AL[4] and 108-2010-AL,[5] both dated 10 November 2010. Subsequently, public respondent Land Registration Auhority (LRA) issued the corresponding Transfer Certificates of Title (TCTs) covering the said properties.[6] The Antecedent Facts Below are the facts of the case according to the Decision[7] of the Court of Appeals: In Resolution No. 107-2010-AL, the petitioners are the heirs of Co[s]en "Sarah" Piraso, the daughter of Piraso, otherwise known as Kapitan Piraso, an Ibaloi, who occupied an ancestral land located at what is known as Session Road, Baguio City. Aside from having five (5) children, Kapitan Piraso also adopted, in accordance with the Ibaloi tradition, a son in the name of Nimer. Nimer and his family, in turn, [have] been planting and harvesting vegetables and fruit-bearing trees on several portions of the 4/23/2020, 8:53 AM

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